Science (SNC 1D)

Course Overview

Course Title: Science, Grade 9
Course Code: SNC 1D
Grade: 9
Course Type: Academic
Credit Value: 1.0
Prerequisite: None required
Department: Science
Tuition Fee (CAD): $549

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

Overall Curriculum Expectations

By the end of the course, students will gain proficiency in the following areas:

Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration
  • demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);
  • identify and describe a variety of careers related to the fields of science under study, and identify scientists, including Canadians, who have made contributions to those fields

Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems
  • analyse the impact of human activity on terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and assess the effectiveness of selected initiatives related to environmental sustainability;
  • investigate some factors related to human activity that affect terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and describe the consequences that these factors have for the sustainability of these ecosystems;
  • demonstrate an understanding of characteristics of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, the interdependence within and between ecosystems, and the impact humans have on the sustainability of these ecosystems.

Chemistry – Atoms, Elements and Compounds
  • analyse how properties of common elements and/or simple compounds affect their use, and assess the social and environmental impact associated with their production or use;
  • investigate, through inquiry, physical and chemical properties of common elements and simple compounds;
  • demonstrate an understanding of the properties of common elements and simple compounds, and general features of the organization of the periodic table.
Earth and Space Science
  • assess some of the costs, hazards, and benefits of space exploration and the contributions of Canadians to space research and technology;
  • investigate the characteristics and properties of a variety of celestial objects visible from Earth in the night sky;
  • demonstrate an understanding of the major scientific theories about the structure, formation, and evolution of the universe and its components and of the evidence that supports these theories

Physics: The Characteristics of Electricity
  • assess some of the costs and benefits associated with the production of electrical energy from renewable and non‑renewable sources, and analyse how electrical efficiencies and savings can be achieved, through both the design of technological devices and practices in the home;
  • investigate, through inquiry, various aspects of electricity, including the properties of static and current electricity, and the quantitative relationships between potential difference, current, and resistance in electrical circuits;
  • demonstrate an understanding of the principles of static and current electricity.

Unit Overview

Unit 1: Biology – Sustainable Ecosystems and Human Growth
In this unit, you will be introduced to carrying capacity and the structure of an ecosystem including the movement and importance of abiotic and biotic factors. You will understand the flow of energy through the trophic levels of food chains and food webs. The processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration will be described as complementary.
25 hours
Unit 2: Chemistry – Atoms, Elements and Compounds
In this unit, you will be introduced to how matter is classified into pure substances and mixtures. You will demonstrate an understanding of physical and chemical properties through the completion of a virtual lab where you will investigate the properties of different elements and compounds. Properties of gases will be introduced and you will investigate how the properties are useful in testing for different gases. You will investigate the experiments of selected scientists and how the atomic model has evolved with their contributions. You will be introduced to the organization of the Periodic Table, symbols used, and the atomic structure of the first 20 elements.
25 hours
Unit 3: Earth and Space Science
In this unit, you will be introduced to the general differences between current and static electricity. You will investigate the you will be introduced to celestial objects including different constellations and stars in the night sky. You will also be introduced to the solar nebula theory and the evidence supporting the theory. The properties and the importance of the Sun to the Earth will be discussed. The structure and the different parts of the solar system will be introduced and you will construct a model and compare the properties of the planets and other solar system objects. You will investigate the features and causes of various celestial phenomenon including auroras, eclipses, tides, phases of the moon, and comets.
25 hours
Unit 4: Physics – Electricity
you will be introduced to the general differences between current and static electricity. You will investigate the movement of electrons in charging by friction, contact, and induction, and you will research the applications of static electricity in technology. Properties of conductors and insulators will be presented and you will investigate the conducting abilities of different materials. You will also be introduced to the main components of circuits including the different types of cells, and you will design simple series circuits. The concepts of circuits will be expanded to include parallel circuits, and you will investigate the different properties of parallel and series circuits including both qualitative observations and quantitative (current and potential difference) observations.
20 hours
Unit 5: Culminating
In the culminating activity you will create a science magazine with research articles and word puzzles from each of the units. You will also investigate the educational and skill requirements for selected jobs in science.
15 hours
Total Hours110 hours
Teaching and Learning Strategies

Enthusiastic teachers and instructors bring unique teaching and assessment methods to the classroom because students learn best when they are engaged in a range of different learning techniques. The activities allow students to apply learned concepts to current world social, economic, and environmental issues which impact daily life. Opportunities to relate knowledge and skills to these wider contexts will motivate students to learn in a meaningful way and to become life-long learners. Instructors also inspire students to become successful problem solvers by investigating, providing alternative reasoning and solutions to problems as well as dedicating time and energy to the tasks at hand.

Effective instructional techniques utilize students’ existing knowledge and by capturing their interest and engaging in meaningful participation. Students will be engaged when they are able to see the correlation between the learned concepts and their ability to apply them to the world around them and in real-life situations. Students will have the chance to learn using a wide range of methods which include self-learning, cooperative learning as well as learning through teacher guidance as well has hands-on experiences. The methods and strategies teachers implement will be tailored to the learning requirements and the individual needs of the students. Teachers will achieve effective instruction in an online environment by using videos, interactive animations and virtual labs and discussion forums and video conferencing/live chat.

Individualized Accommodations for Students

Our methodology for student assessment follows the Growing Success Assessment, Evaluation and Reporting in Ontario Schools First Edition, Covering Grades 1 to 12 (2010) manual published by the Ontario Ministry of Education. Assessment is the process of gathering information that accurately reflects how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a subject or course. Assessment tools are designed to improve student learning which includes descriptive feedback, coaching, observations and self-assessments. In addition, student can be independent and set individual goals, monitor progress against these goals, determine next steps and reflect on their thinking and learning.

For a student with special education needs who requires modified or alternative expectations, assessment and evaluation of his or her achievement will be based on the modified curriculum expectations or alternative expectations outlined in the student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP). Accommodations required to facilitate the student’s learning may be identified by the teacher, however recommendations from a School Board generated in the form of an Individual Education Plan (IEP) should be used, if available. 

For a student with special education needs who requires “accommodations only”, as described in his or her IEP, assessment and evaluation of achievement will be based on the appropriate subject/ grade/course curriculum expectations and the achievement levels outlined in the curriculum documents.

A student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP) describes his or her educational program and any accommodations that may be required. The IEP specifies whether the student requires:
accommodations only; or
modified learning expectations, with the possibility of accommodations;

Assessment accommodations are changes in procedures that enable the student to demonstrate his
or her learning. These may include:
visual supports to clarify verbal instructions, assistive devices, or some form of human support;
alternative methods for the student to demonstrate his or her achievement of expectations (e.g., allowing the student to take tests orally) or the allowance of extra time to complete the assessment;
alternative settings that may be more suitable for the student to demonstrate his or her learning.

If accommodations are required to assess and evaluate student learning, the strategies to be used are outlined in the student’s IEP.
For further details about the different types of accommodations, modified learning expectation and alternative programs please refer to Growing Success Assessment, Evaluation and Reporting in Ontario Schools First Edition, Covering Grades 1 to 12 (2010)

Materials Required

Standard Computer Requirements for all courses:
-Processor speed of 2 GHz or faster
-Memory of 4 GB RAM or greater
-A high speed internet connection with a connection speed of 10 MB/s or better.
-Monitor and video card with 1024×768 or greater resolution
-Keyboard and Mouse is recommended