Course Title: Science, Grade 9
Course Code: SNC 1D
Course Type: Academic
Credit Value: 1.0
Prerequisite: None required
Tuition Fee (CAD): $549
This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
Overall Curriculum Expectations
By the end of the course, students will gain proficiency in the following areas:
Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration
- demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);
- identify and describe a variety of careers related to the fields of science under study, and identify scientists, including Canadians, who have made contributions to those fields
Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems
- analyse the impact of human activity on terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and assess the effectiveness of selected initiatives related to environmental sustainability;
- investigate some factors related to human activity that affect terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and describe the consequences that these factors have for the sustainability of these ecosystems;
- demonstrate an understanding of characteristics of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, the interdependence within and between ecosystems, and the impact humans have on the sustainability of these ecosystems.
Chemistry – Atoms, Elements and Compounds
- analyse how properties of common elements and/or simple compounds affect their use, and assess the social and environmental impact associated with their production or use;
- investigate, through inquiry, physical and chemical properties of common elements and simple compounds;
- demonstrate an understanding of the properties of common elements and simple compounds, and general features of the organization of the periodic table.
Earth and Space Science
- assess some of the costs, hazards, and benefits of space exploration and the contributions of Canadians to space research and technology;
- investigate the characteristics and properties of a variety of celestial objects visible from Earth in the night sky;
- demonstrate an understanding of the major scientific theories about the structure, formation, and evolution of the universe and its components and of the evidence that supports these theories
Physics: The Characteristics of Electricity
- assess some of the costs and benefits associated with the production of electrical energy from renewable and non‑renewable sources, and analyse how electrical efficiencies and savings can be achieved, through both the design of technological devices and practices in the home;
- investigate, through inquiry, various aspects of electricity, including the properties of static and current electricity, and the quantitative relationships between potential difference, current, and resistance in electrical circuits;
- demonstrate an understanding of the principles of static and current electricity.
|Unit 1: Biology – Sustainable Ecosystems and Human Growth|
In this unit, you will be introduced to carrying capacity and the structure of an ecosystem including the movement and importance of abiotic and biotic factors. You will understand the flow of energy through the trophic levels of food chains and food webs. The processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration will be described as complementary.
|Unit 2: Chemistry – Atoms, Elements and Compounds |
In this unit, you will be introduced to how matter is classified into pure substances and mixtures. You will demonstrate an understanding of physical and chemical properties through the completion of a virtual lab where you will investigate the properties of different elements and compounds. Properties of gases will be introduced and you will investigate how the properties are useful in testing for different gases. You will investigate the experiments of selected scientists and how the atomic model has evolved with their contributions. You will be introduced to the organization of the Periodic Table, symbols used, and the atomic structure of the first 20 elements.
|Unit 3: Earth and Space Science |
In this unit, you will be introduced to the general differences between current and static electricity. You will investigate the you will be introduced to celestial objects including different constellations and stars in the night sky. You will also be introduced to the solar nebula theory and the evidence supporting the theory. The properties and the importance of the Sun to the Earth will be discussed. The structure and the different parts of the solar system will be introduced and you will construct a model and compare the properties of the planets and other solar system objects. You will investigate the features and causes of various celestial phenomenon including auroras, eclipses, tides, phases of the moon, and comets.
|Unit 4: Physics – Electricity|
you will be introduced to the general differences between current and static electricity. You will investigate the movement of electrons in charging by friction, contact, and induction, and you will research the applications of static electricity in technology. Properties of conductors and insulators will be presented and you will investigate the conducting abilities of different materials. You will also be introduced to the main components of circuits including the different types of cells, and you will design simple series circuits. The concepts of circuits will be expanded to include parallel circuits, and you will investigate the different properties of parallel and series circuits including both qualitative observations and quantitative (current and potential difference) observations.
|Unit 5: Culminating|
In the culminating activity you will create a science magazine with research articles and word puzzles from each of the units. You will also investigate the educational and skill requirements for selected jobs in science.
|Total Hours||110 hours|